The fate of the sun In the Holy Quran

                                                                                           By: Magdy Abd Alshafy 

It is has become scientifically established that the sun will end its fuel and then it will change into a red giant that will come close to the earth swallowing all the nearby planets… this facts are stressed in the Holy Quran. By: Magdy Abd Alshafy


The sun contains huge amount of matter. All of that matter produces a huge amount of gravitational force that squeezes the star inwards. 

In order to combat the inward crush resulting from the gravitational force, The Sun utilizes fusion power to hold itself up. This is the way the sun sustains its life and escapes collapse. 

How does the sun resist collapsing?

At the Sun’s core, where the crush is most extreme, Hydrogen nuclei is repeatedly pushed together and combined to form Helium. This nuclear reaction results in a huge amount of energy that pushes the outer layer of the star outwardly.

According to scientists, as long as the Hydrogen fusion reactions are functioning as they have in the past; the Sun is safe from gravity and can continue to serve as a source of heat and light for Earth.

Bad news

 The hydrogen fuel of the Sun can’t last forever. In approximately five billion years from now, the Hydrogen at the center of the Sun will all be converted into Helium.  The gravity of the sun will overwhelm and its layers will fall towards its nuclei, the heat at the core of the sun will rise as a result. This will heat the outer layers and it will expand as a result.

This doesn’t mean that the doomsday will be after (4.5) billion years,  God has made what  will be  possible by revealing these secrets in the universe, but the doomsday will have its different physical laws.


The sun will have become a red giant, so large that it will engulf the planet Mercury, perhaps extending to encompass the orbit of the earth.

 Even if the swollen sun stretches no farther out than Mercury, however, the heat reaching earth will be from 500 to 1,000 times as great as it is today.

 Oceans will boil, and life will be incinerated. Note that the heat of the sun will have started to deceases a great deal.

So we can   recapitulate the following important information:

(1) The sun will collapse inwards and its heat and light will eventually fade away.

(2)  The sun outer layers will be puffed out and the sun will swallow the nearby planets.

(3)  The sun outer layer will reach the orbit of the earth

(4)  The seas will be boiling.


The Holy Quran on the Fate of the sun

God says in the Holy Quran what means "When the sun (with its spacious light) is folded up" [81: 1]

This is a matchless metaphor for causing the sun to lose its light. Takwir means to fold up; hence takwir al- `amamah for folding up the turban on the head. Here, the light which radiates from the sun and spreads throughout the solar system has been likened to the turban and it has been said that on the Resurrection Day the turban will be folded up about the sun and its radiation will fade.

The Holy Quran uses the Arabic word” Kwe’rat” in the place of “folded up". The word can be translated, according to Quran expounders, as:  (1) Folded up (like a turban)

It is scientifically known that stars like the sun always explode forming a nebula that looks like a turban, this is stressed in the Holy Quran in the verse"When the sun  is folded up"

(2) Made like a ball

It is known that the sun is not completely spherical, also it triggers flames and these all will be disappeared when the sun collapses and thus taking the sahpe of a ball.

(3) Its light Fades away and eventually is extinguished.

 The consensus of Quran expounders says that the word” Kwe’rat means “to fade away and be extinguished, and this will happen when the sun exhaust its fuel.

 So in Just one word the Holy Quran condenses all that will happen to the sun when it ends its fuel.

The foot of the moon

  The outer layers of the sun will expand and will engulf the moon which will have already moved towards the sun. The moons move towards the sun 4 cm each year.

  The Holy Quran refers to the same fact when talking about the agonies of the Judgment day. God says in the Holy Quran what means:

"And when the sun and the moon are joined together” (57:9)

The Fate of the seas

When the sun will come closer to the earth, the seas water will boil, then will be fire because water will be ionized into its two elements which are Hydrogen and Oxygen, the first will cause explosion and the second will ignite fire in seas.

 The Holy Quran says in this regard what means:

“And when the seas shall become as blazing Fire”(81:6)

Also it says :

"And when the seas are erupted" (82:3)

Sufferings on the earth

 When the sun comes close to the earth, the outer crust will be broken and the earth will suffer from frightening quakes and volcanoes will erupt, the physical appearance of the earth will be changed and be extended and all the stuff within it will be expelled. The Holy Quran refers to the same facts, God says in the Holy Quran what means:

"When the sky has split [open] (1) And has responded to its Lord and was obligated [to do so] (2) And when the earth has been extended (3) And has cast out that within it and relinquished [it]." (99:1-6)

Scientists emphasized that owing to the tremendous heat, the earth will be lifeless rock. The Holy Quran says in this regard:

"And indeed, We will make that which is upon it [into] a barren ground." (18:8)

The mountains will be affected by the massive earthquakes and volcanoes, they will be blown away with a blast , the Holy Quran says in  this regard what means:

"And they ask you about the mountains, so say, "My Lord will blow them away with a blast. (105) And He will leave the earth a level plain" (20:105-106)

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