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Fingerprints and the human identity

Allah says : (I do call to witness the Resurrection Day;*And I do call to witness the self reproaching spirit: (eschew Evil).*Does man think that We cannot assemble his bones? *Nay, We are able to put together in perfect order the very tips of his fingers*But man wishes to do wrong (even) in the time in front of him.) (SURAH AL QIYAMAH:1.2.3.4.)

Every human being including the true twins, has a particular fingerprint. Therefore individuals can be  identified according to their fingerprints, And the DNA system used nowadays.

 The linguistic explanation :

Ibn Mandhour in his book: Arab's tongue said that the word "Binan": is the tip of the finger in the hands or the feet, however the word "binana" is the whole finger. It may also describe the connection in the finger.

The understanding of the scholars:

The khortobi said about the explanation of this verse  that "binan" as an Arabic term means fingers its singular is "binana".

Both the khrtobi and zojaja said that the disbelievers denied the ability of Allah to give life back to the dead and to assemble their bones. So Allah  replied  in this verse that  he is able to recreate the very small finger tips and organize and structure  them, so he is surely able to  recreate much bigger things.

This verses of the holly Quran has astonished the scholars, as  the Almighty Allah  swore by the day of judgement  and by the human inner that always balms oneself when a sin is committed. Allah swore by these two on something very important,  considered to be the second  element in  the Islamic belief : believing that humans will be recreated and there bone reassembled for the day of judgement to evaluate there deeds. Allah clarified that since he is able to arrange the finger tips, He will also bring together there bones and give life back to them.

However something  is still unclear, Allah is able to create the smallest fingers and their tips which is a very minor part of the human body. That doesn't necessarily mean that Allah is also able to reform the dead bones, because the ability to create a part doesn't definitly mean the ability to create the whole.

Many scientists have tried to discover the importance of the fingers and to demonstrate the secret in their creation. For that, they studied the complex bones, the composition of the nails and the nerves in the fingers. But they were unable to discover the  unreavealed part of these verses until the 19th century, when the difference in the fingerprint between people was discovered.

The scientific facts about the fingerprints:

In 1823 a scientist specialised in dissection "purkinjie" discovered the fingerprints, he noticed that they differ from one person to an other and they exist in many types:  the lines may take the form of a sphere, an arch or bonds, it may also be complex consisting of many shapes.

In 1858 i.e. 35 years later, the English scientist William Herschel established the difference in the fingerprints between people as  a mean to differentiate between them.

 In the  1877 Dr Henry Faulds was the first to put the fingerprints on paper using the printing ink.

In 1892 Dr Francis Galton proved that the finger print will remain unchangeable during the life time of its carrier in spite the accidents that may happen.

Some scientists have found that an Egyptian mummy that has been embalmed ages ago; still have its fingerprints very clear and unchanged.

Galton has also proven that it is impossible for two people to share the same fingerprint, and he also ensured that these lines on the tip of the fingers occur in the foetus in the womb of the mother at the age of 100 to 120 days.

A year later In 1893 the Scottish consul, Edward Henry has set up an easy system to collect and organise the fingerprints of people. He suggested that a finger print could be classified as one of eight types and he considered that the ten fingerprints of the hand are the whole unit to identify a personne. In the same year the fingerprints were introduced in Scotland police offices as a direct and a very strong proof.

Since discovering the fingerprints scientists have carried many studies and experiments in different races of people and no resemblances have been found

The fingerprints are essential for detecting a personne in spite his refusal to admit the truth. And even if a the appearance of a personne changes due to age, an illness,  a surgery or an accident , it is possible to identify him by referring to the fingerprints.

That's why Allah has said in a verse of the Quran:

Allah says :(On the Day when their tongues, their hands, and their feet will bear witness against them as to their actions.) (SURAH AL NUR:24)

And maybe  the hands and legs of the sinners will witness on the day of judgement, due to the fingerprints left on the places where the sins were committed.

The miracle in the Quran:

When the disbelievers in Mecca have denied the existence of the day of judgement, and refused to accept the power of Allah and his ability to send them back after there death and to gather there bones, Allah has answered that he is not just able to reform there bones but also to recreate there fingerprints, this small part of the human body which identifies its carrier and allow us to differentiate between individuals under any circumstances. All this was proven by scientific experiments in the end of the 19th century. This is a real miracle that indicates the power of the creator Allah who said in the Quran:

Allah says: ( Soon will We show them Our Signs in the (furthest) regions (of the earth), and in their own souls, until it becomes manifest to them that this is the Truth. Is it not enough that thy Lord doth witness all things?) (SURAH  FUSSILAT:53)


References  :
 -  The British encyclopaedia
 -  Some Quran explanation books.